Ambassador Thomas Graham


Ambassador Graham's CV                    Ambassador Graham's Wikipedia Entry

Graham, Thomas Jr.  "Thomas Graham, Former Ambassador, US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency." Interview. Titans of Nuclear. Nov. 2018.

__. Interview by Cheryl Nason.
Inside the Writer's Café with Cheryl Nason.
Web Radio. 29 June 2015.

__."Oral History Interview."
Interview with Linda Richards.
Oregon State University.
28 Oct. 2015. Web. 1 Nov. 2015.

__. "Ambassador Thomas
Graham Talks Nuclear
Power with Telluride."
Interview with Heather Sackett
Telluride Daily Planet 1
April 2014.  Web. 25 May 2015.

__. Interview with
Charles Stuart Kennedy.
Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training. 2001-2013. Web. 17 June 2015.

__. Interview with Jonathan Granoff.
Widener Law School, PA.  2007. Video.
Web. 17 June 2015.

__. "
A Nuclear Nightmare:
It Could Happen Today
Interview with Stuart Taylor Jr.
The National Journal
(10 November 2001): 3487-88. 
Web. 24 Dec. 2015.

__. "Strengthened Treaties Key to Nonproliferation Success Says Arms
Control Expert."
Interview with Don Johnson. Newsline [Livermore, CA] 22.13. 4 April 1997. Print.

__.  "The CFE Treaty Review Conference: Strengthening the 'Cornerstone' of
European Security,"
Interview with Jack Mendelsohn
and Sarah Walkling.
Arms Control Today 
(Apr. 1996): 3-5. Print.

__. "Preparing for the
1995 Conference,"
Interview with Jack Mendelsohn
and Jon B. Wolfsthal.
Arms Control Today 24.6 (July/Aug. 1994): 10-13. Print.

United States Cong. House. Joint Subcommittee Hearing by the House Committee on Foreign Affairs' Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade and the Committee on Armed Services. Rose Gottemoeller, Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security, “Administration Responses to Russian Arms Control Cheating on the INF Treaty Provisions,” Q&A with Representative Trent Franks (AZ). 1 Dec. 2015.  TS

United States Cong. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. "Arms Control Nuclear Non-Proliferation Russia and the United States—The START Process." (Testimony by Thomas Graham Jr., Executive Chairman, Thorium Power Ltd.). 24 Jun. 2009.

United States. Cong. Senate. Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs. "
National Security Bureaucracy for Arms Control, Counterproliferation, and Nonproliferation: the Role of the Department Of State." May 15 and June 6, 2008. 110th Cong. 2nd Sess. Washington DC: GPO, 2009.  Web. 13 June 2015.

United States Cong. Senate. Subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management, the Federal Workforce, and the District of Columbia Committee on Homeland Security and Government Organization. "A Return to Arms Control and Non-Proliferation Process." (Presentation of Ambassador Thomas Graham, Jr.) 15 May 2008. Print.

United States Cong. House. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Nuclear Power and Nuclear Non-Proliferation. "Nuclear Power and Nuclear Non-Proliferation." (Statement of Ambassador Thomas Graham Jr., Executive Chairman, Lightbridge Corporation). Sept. 22, 2005. Print.

Bundestag. Subcommittee on Arms Control, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation. Berlin, Ger. (Testimony by Thomas Graham Jr., President, Lawyers Alliance for World Security). 29 Sept. 1999. TS.

United States Cong. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. (Statement by Thomas Graham Jr.) 14 July 1993. TS.

Canadian Parliament. "Canadian Leadership Will Make a Difference." Testimony before a Joint Meeting of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade of the House of Commons and the Senate Committee on Foreign Affairs. Ottawa, Can. (Remarks by Thomas Graham Jr.) TS. 10 Mar. 1999.

Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Defense Committee of the House of Commons. "
Updating NATO's Nuclear Doctrine." (Written submission by Ambassador Thomas Graham Jr.) Jan. 1999. Print.

United States Cong. Senate. Committee on Governmental Affairs. (Statement on Nuclear Non-Proliferation by Thomas Graham Jr.) 3 Mar. 1995. Web. 13 July 2015.

United States Information Agency (USIA) Transcript. "Non-proliferation Treaty Extension."
Foreign Press Center. (Briefing by Thomas Graham, Jr.) 13 Dec. 1994. Print.

Preparatory Committee for the 1995 Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. (Statement by Thomas Graham, Jr.) 21 Jan. 1994. Print.

The First Committee of the 48th Session of the United Nations General Assembly in General Debate. (Statement by Thomas Graham, Jr.) 19 Oct. 1993. Print.

United States Cong. Senate. Foreign Relations Committee. [Second Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.] (Testimony by Thomas Graham, Jr.) 18 May 1993. Print.

Defense Base Closure and Realignment Commission. (Testimony by Thomas Graham Jr., Active Director of Arms Control and Disarmament Agency). 5 Apr. 1993. TS.

United States Cong. House. Appropriations Committee Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, State, The Judiciary and Related Agencies. On behalf of Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.  (FY1994 ACDA Funding Request by Thomas Graham Jr., Active Director of Arms Control and Disarmament Agency).  17 Mar. 1993. TS.

United States Cong. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations. "Ratification of the Treaty on Open Skies."  Statement on Behalf of Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA). (Testimony by Thomas Graham, Jr.)  11 Mar. 1993. Print.

The Alternate Route: Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone by Thomas Graham, Jr. (Corvallis: Oregon State University, 2017) ISBN: 978-0-87071-906-6

alternate route Eventual achievement of nuclear disarmament has been an objective and a dream of the world community since the dawn of the Nuclear Age. Considerable progress has been made over the decades, but this has always required close US-Russian cooperation. At present, further progress is likely blocked by the return of Vladimir Putin to the Russian presidency and the toxic US-Russia relationship.
The classic road toward nuclear disarmament appears to be closed for the foreseeable future, but there may be another route. In the last fifty years, well-conceived regional treaties have been developed in Latin America, the South Pacific, Africa, Southeast Asia, and Central Asia. These arrangements have developed for many and varied political and security reasons, but now virtually all of the Southern Hemisphere and important parts of the Northern Hemisphere are legally nuclear-weapon-free. These regional nuclear weapon disarmament treaties are formally respected by the five states recognized under the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as nuclear weapon states: the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, France, and China—often referred to collectively as the P-5 states.
Variations of these regional treaties might eventually be negotiated in the Middle East, Northeast Asia, and South Asia, setting aside the P-5 states until the very end of the process.  With regional agreements in place around the globe, negotiation among the P-5 states would be all that stands between the world community and the banishment of nuclear weapons, verifiably and effectively worldwide. By the time this point is reached, Russia and the United States might be able to cooperate.
Essential reading for policy advisors, foreign service professionals, and scholars in political science, The Alternate Route examines the possibilities of nuclear-weapon-free zones as a pathway to worldwide nuclear disarmament.

Seeing the Light: the Case for Nuclear Power in the 21st Century (nuclear power and climate change)
by Scott L. Montgomery and Thomas Graham, Jr. (Cambridge University Press, 2017) ISBN:

seeing the light Nuclear power is not an option for the future but an absolute necessity.  The global threats of climate change and lethal air pollution, killing millions each year, make it clear that nuclear and renewable energy must work together, as non-carbon sources of energy.  Fortunately, a new era of growth in this energy source is underway in developing nations, though not yet in the West.
This book addresses how, why, and where the new nuclear era is happening, when new technologies are involved, and what this means for preventing the proliferation of weapons.  In addition, the book offers a great deal more a social and political history of nuclear power and the fear of it; a detailed discussion of the Chernobyl and Fukushima disasters and their meaning; an in-depth look at the myths about nuclear power; a simple and clear introduction on the basic science of nuclear energy, weapons, and reactors; and a pragmatic discussion of radiation and its effects.  There is also in the book a serious look at the science of climate change and the level of threat that it represents.

“This is an accessible and well-written book that could not be more timely. Much current campaigning gives the impression that renewable sources are the full answer to the world’s needs for climate safe energy.  The balanced discussion in this book shows us the great environmental benefits of today’s nuclear power and the potential for development and expanded use.  It merits broad reading by anyone interested in the future of energy generation, from the general public to students and scientists to policymakers.” -- Hans Blix, Director General Emeritus of the International Atomic Energy Agency

“This vitally important book counters nuclear fear with deep knowledge and honest good will.  It is by far the best book on the subject yet written.  We need its authoritative perspective for the difficult transition we face today away from carbon energy.” -- Richard Rhodes, Pulitzer Prize recipient for The Making of the Atomic Bomb.

America: The Founder's Vision by Thomas Graham, Jr. (Butler Books, 2017) ISBN: 981-1-941953-53-2

In today’s heated political climate, we commonly hear, “That’s not what the Founders intended” or “The nation’s Founders addressed that.” What did our country’s Founders really say-about liberty, democracy, the role of states, the military, equal protection under the law, First Amendment rights, fake news in campaigns, honesty in government, foreign influence, freedom of religion, freedom of the press and more. This book gathers the Founder’s original words from the Federalist Papers, the National Archives, various presidential libraries, and other sources to create America: The Founders’ Vision.

 The Founders knew the temptations posed by power, money, and fame, and they lived in a time when demagogues and other would-be tyrants were not in short supply.   Democracy is currently under threat from authoritarians the world over, on a scale perhaps not seen since the 1930s. In this volume, the Founders have much to say that can help us defend democracy today and preserve it for future generations.

Graham, Thomas, Jr., "Remarks on America: The Founders’ Vision", Louisville, KY: Butler Books, 201, book signing at the home of Edward T. Miller in Washington, DC on April 3, 2018.

 “This is a rich book. One can read it all in a single sitting, or take a moment to read a passage or two at a time. Whatever one’s preference, one cannot but feel fortunate that, at a moment in history, these singular individuals-well read, thoughtful, and experienced-came together to form a nation. Luckily for us, they also wrote. We’re also fortunate that Tom Graham has chosen those passages that are particularly relevant for us today as we continue the work of providing liberty and justice for all.” 
-- Kathleen Kennedy Townsend

"Beyond the arts and pop culture, the Founders are gaining in popularity because of these strange times of rising nationalism and potential threats from authoritarians. Graham’s purpose of 'to raise awareness of what our Founders meant for this country' is more pressing than ever in this time of great strain on America’s 'binding principles.'" --

Jacobs, Michelle. Rev. of America: The Founders Vision by Thomas Graham, Jr. The US Review of Books. 2018. 

A Tale of the Cold War by Thomas Graham, Jr. (AuthorHouse, 2014)
ISBN: 978-1-4969-2785-9

  Sapphire: A Tale of
                            the Cold War
"A young woman navigates a maelstrom of danger, deceit, and crisis during perhaps the most dangerous period of the Cold War, the years 1954 to 1961."--Publishers Weekly

"How does this author get in the head of a female spy in the 1960s? What’s more–how does he get into the White House as JFK talks arms deals? Well, with a little bit of applied knowledge and a hefty dose of inspiration." --Sara Schreiber, Goltune

"Graham has a lot of incredible material at his disposal in this refreshing historical thriller."

"The book is historically accurate, despite the fictional main characters, and will introduce readers to some of the little known intrigue in Hungary, Jordan, and Iran at a time when the U.S. and Russia were plotting moves and counter-moves.... Ambassador Thomas Graham Jr. ... clearly knows the territory."--BlueInk Review

"Graham successfully invents believable scenarios, adeptly weaving in characters both real and fictitious.... An enjoyable, well-developed addition to Cold War espionage thrillers."--Kirkus Review

Other Books

Common Sense

Thomas Graham Jr.
Common Sense on Weapons of Mass Destruction
Seattle:  U of Washington P, 2007.
Web. 28 May 2015.
[ISBN: 029598466X]

Thomas Graham Jr. with Damien Lavera,
Cornerstones of Security:
Arms Control Treaties in the Nuclear Era
Seattle: U of Washington P, 2003.
Web. 28 May 2015.
[ISBN-13: 978-0295982960]
Disarmament Sketches

Thomas Graham Jr.
Disarmament Sketches:

Three Decades of Arms Control
and International Law

Seattle: U of Washington P, 2002.
Web. 28 May 2015.
[ISBN-10: 0295982128]

Preventing Catastrophe

Thomas Graham Jr. with Keith Hanson
Preventing Catastrophe:

The Use & Misuse of Weapons of Mass Destruction
Stanford, CA: Stanford U P, 2009.
Web. 28 May 2015.
[ISBN 9780804763608]

Spy Satellites

Thomas Graham Jr. with Keith Hansen
Spy Satellites and Other Technologies

that Have Changed the Course of History
Seattle: U of Washington P, 2007.
Web. 28 May 2015.
[ISBN 0-295-986868-7]

Unending Crisis

Thomas Graham Jr.
Unending Crisis:

National Security Policy after 9/11
Seattle: U of Washington P, 2012.
Web. 28 May 2015.
[ISBN-10: 0295991704]

Invited Paper by Ambassador Thomas Graham

Graham, Thomas, Jr. "The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and the Origin of the Moratorium," Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL) per request, 2016.

Articles by Ambassador Thomas Graham

Graham, Thomas, Jr.
with Susan Burk, Richard R. Burt, Thomas Countryman, Jill Hruby, Arlen D. Jameson, Nancy Kassebaum, Laura E. Kennedy, Richard Lugar, Sam Nunn, William J. Perry, Thomas R. Pickering, Joan Rohlfing, and George P. Schultz. Letter to President Donald Trump on INF Treaty Compliance and new START Renewal. 7 Nov. 2018.

__. Opinion. "Don’t Enshrine A Russian Advantage In Surveillance Flights Over the US," Defense One. 17 Jul. 2017. Web.

__ and Bernadette Stadler. Opinion. "The Back Door to a New Arms Race: The Military Hailed a Successful Missile Defense Test in May. Here's Why It Could Make Us Less Safe," Politico, 28 Jun. 2017. Web.

Graham. Thomas, Jr. Opinion. "Time to Negotiate: Diplomacy is the Only Option and Pyongyang May Be Willing to Listen,"US News and World Report." 23 Jun. 17. Web.
__ and Byron Dorgan, "Trump Makes Nuclear Mistake on Arms Control Treaty with Russia," The Hill. 16 Feb. 17.  Web 17 Feb. 2017.

Graham, Thomas, Jr.
A New Pathway to Prohibiting Nuclear Testing." WMD Junction. James Martin Center For Nonproliferation Studies. Nonproliferation Review. (3 June 2014): n pag. Web. 26 May 2015.

__. "The Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, the Relationship." Copyright 2014 American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in Nuclear Weapon Issues in the 21st Century. Eds., Pierce S. Cordon, David Hafemeister and Peter Zimmerman. Melville, NY: AIP Publishing.  (2014). Print. and may be found at <>.

__. "
Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty under Threat: Iran and North Korea." Baker Center Journal of Applied Public Policy IV.I (2012): 1-28. Print.

__, and
David Hafemeister. "Nuclear Testing & Proliferation -- an Inextricable Connection." Disarmament Diplomacy, Acronym Institute for Disarmament Diplomacy (Aug. 2009): n. pag. Web. 25 May 2015.

__. Graham, Thomas, Jr. and Russell L. Schweickart."NASA's Flimsy Argument for Nuclear Weapons." Scientific American (Mar. 2008): n. pag. Web. 25 May 2015.
Max M. and Thomas Graham, Jr. "Nuclear Weapons: An Existential Threat to Humanity." CTBTO Spectrum 11 (2008): 10-11. Print.

__. "Nuclear Weapons: A Perspective in 2007." Baker Center Journal of Applied Public Policy I.I (Fall 2007): 2-11. Print.

__. "The Future of the Global Non-Proliferation Regime." National Strategy Forum Review 16.2 (Spring 2007): 10-13. Print.

__. "Nuclear Weapons and World Order." Ambassadors Review (Fall 2006): n. pag. Council of American Ambassadors. Web. 25 May 2015.

raham, Thomas, Jr. "
Faith and Peace." Dharma World 33 (July/Sept. 2006): n. pag. Web. 25 May 2015.

__, and Dinshaw Mistry. "Two Treaties to Contain Missile Proliferation." Disarmament Diplomacy, The Acronym Institute for Disarmament Diplomacy (Spring 2006): n. pag. Web. 25 May 2015.

Graham, Thomas, Jr.Graham, Thomas, Jr. "Space Weapons and the Risk of Accidental Nuclear War." Arms Control Today 35.10 (Dec. 2005): n. pag. Web. 25 May 2015.

. "
Sixty Years After Hiroshima, a
Nuclear Era." Current History 104.681 (Apr. 2005): 147-52. Print.

. "
Nuclear Weapons, We M
ay Self-Destruct." World Today 61.3 (2005): 16-17. Web. 25 May 2015.

Avner Cohen and Thomas Graham, Jr. "
An NPT for Non-members. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 60.3 (May/June, 2004): 40-44.  Web. 27 May 2015.

. "
Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Terrorism." Transnational Lawyer 17.1 (2004): 89-95. Print.

Graham, Thomas, Jr.
"Introduction." Journal of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan 45.8 (Aug. 2003): 457-58. Print.

. "
National Self-Defense, International Law, and Weapons of Mass Destruction." Chicago Journal of International Law 4.1 (Spring 2003): 1-17. Print.

International Law and the Military Uses of Space." Disarmament Diplomacy, The Journal of the Acronym Institute (Mar./Apr. 2002): 4-6. Print.

Biological Weapons and International Law." Science Magazine (29 Mar. 2002): 23-25. Print.

__. "Squaring the Circle: Can Missile Defense and International Security Be Reconciled?" RUSI Journal 146.6 (Dec. 2001): 1 (from remarks made at RUSI on 3 Oct. 2001) Print.

, and Blake Mobley. "
Deliberate Ambiguity in Modern Arms Control and the ABM Treaty." International Spectator, XXXVI.3 (July/Sept. 2001): 19-26. Web. 27 May 2015: 19-26. Print.

Graham, Thomas, Jr.,
Graham, Thomas, Jr.Graham, Thomas, Jr. and Leonor Tomero. "Obligations for Us All: NATO and Negative Security Assurances." Disarmament Diplomacy, Acronym Institute for Disarmament Diplomacy 49 (Aug. 2000): 3-7. Print.

Graham, Thomas, Jr.
"The NPT Regime and Prospects for the Review Conference." Hiroshima Research News 2.4 (Mar. 2000): 2. Print.

__. "
Graham, Thomas, Jr.__. "International Law and the Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons." George Washington International Law Review 33.1 (2000): 49-69. Print.

_. "
The Promise of Commitments Made." Religions for Peace World Conference on Religion and Peace: Principles Values and Global Security: A Framework for the Future of the NPT, New York (2000): 11-15. Print.

. Occasional Paper. "
The Future of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Regime." Lawyers Alliance for World Security (Nov. 1999): 1-9. Print.

__. "
A Farewell to ACDA." Foreign Service Journal 76.9 (Sept. 1999): 24-29. Print

__. "Cologne: Nuclear Cuts, Limited Missile Defenses." Aviation Week and Space Technology 151.2 (12 July 1999): 70. Print.

, and Alexander S. Yereskovsky. "
The Relationship Between Non-Proliferation and Nuclear Weapons Use Doctrine." Lawyers Alliance for World Security (July 1999): 1-10. Print.

Graham, Thomas, Jr. "
NATO and Nuclear Weapons Doctrine." CDS Bulletin of Arms Control 34 (June 1999): 1-4. Print.

__. "The Treaty of Tlatelolco: Its Role in the International Regime of Nonproliferation."Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin American and Caribbean (OPANAL) Seminar. TS. Feb. 1997.

__. "
Approaching the Fork in the Road." Ambassadors Review (Fall 1998): 96-98. Print.

Graham, Thomas, Jr. and Douglas B. Shaw. "Nearing the Fork In the Road." The Nonproliferation Review 6.1 (Fall 1998): 70-76.  Web. 12 July 2016.

Graham, Thomas, Jr. "
South Asia and the Future of Nuclear Non-Proliferation." Arms Control Today 28.4 (May, 1998): 3. Web. 27 May 2015.

__. "The Canadian Report: Recommendations for a New Century."
Proceedings of Nuclear Arms Control, Non-Proliferation and Disarmament in the Post War Security Environment Conference, 21 Apr. 1998. Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 31 (Summer, 1999): 655-68. Print.

Graham, Thomas, Jr. and John Rhienlander. "Nuclear Reductions and Nuclear Terrorism: The Future of Nuclear Disarmament." Disarmament Diplomacy, Acronym Institute for Disarmament Diplomacy 19 (Oct. 1997): 2-3. Print.

Graham, Thomas, Jr. "The United States and the Prospects For NPT Extension." Arms Control Today (Jan./Feb. 1995): 3-6. Print.

"Issues of NPT Extension." National Security Law Report (Summer 1994): 3-5. Print.

__. Letter.
Science 262 (12 Nov. 1993) n. pag. Print.

__, and Edward Ifft
. "
Legal Aspects of Bi-Lateral Arms Control Treaties." North Carolina Journal of International Law and Commercial Regulation 16.1 (Winter 1991): 1-13. Print.

Graham, Thomas, Jr.
The CFE Story: Tales from the CFE Negotiating Table." Arms Control Today (Jan./Feb. 1991): 9-11. Print.

. "
The Duration of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty: Sudden Death or New Lease on Life?" Virginia Journal of International Law, 29.1 (Spring 1989): 661-667. Print.

__, Ralph Earle, II, Sidney Graybeal, Michael H. Mobbs and Stephen Gorove. "
Verification of Arms Control Agreements, New Hope in a New Era." Proceedings Eighty Second Meeting, The American Society of International Law (21 Apr. 1988): 63-80. Print.

Articles Quot
ing Ambassador Thomas Graham

Osnos, Evan. "Trump's Irrational Hatred of the Iran Deal." The New Yorker (Oct. 23, 2017). Web. 

Book Chapters

Graham, Thomas, Jr. "U.S. Nuclear Weapons Policy and International Law." At the Nuclear Precipice, Catastrophe or Transformation? Eds. David Krieger and Richard Falk. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. 49-56. Web. 28 May 2015.

__. "
Strengthening Arms Control." Contemporary Nuclear Debates: Missile Defense, Arms Control, and Arms Races in the Twentieth Century. Ed. Alexander T. J. Lennon. Cambridge, MA and London, England: The MIT Press, Cambridge 2002. 273-289. Print.